Giving Puppies & Kittens a Healthy Start
All Pets Animal Hospital is excited to partner with you to make sure your new puppy or kitten becomes an integral part of your family.
Your puppy or kitten’s first checkup should be no later than 6 weeks of age for early detection and treatment of any issues.
Puppies and kittens are often infected with hookworms and roundworms, which are also contagious to people.
Deworming should begin between 2 and 6 weeks, followed by regular fecal screenings for common parasites like hookworms, roundworms, Giardia, coccidia, trichomonas, and spirochaetes. Check our parasite prevention page for more information.
- Core vaccinations ("must have" or required by law)
- We use only pure, nonadjuvenated feline vaccines to help prevent risk of reaction and vaccine-site associated tumor formation.
- FVRCP (feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia, a.k.a. "feline distemper") combination—Protects against three viruses. First vaccination is at 8 weeks with two boosters, four weeks apart. As adults, outdoors cats are given boosters annually while indoors cats are every three to seven years.
- Rabies—Rabies is given at 12 weeks and then annually.
- Non-core vaccinations (based on special risk)
- Feline leukemia virus (FVLP)—Spread among outdoor cats or multiple cat households by direct contact with bodily fluids. The first dose is given at 12 weeks, with a booster in two to four weeks followed by annual boosters.
- FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus, or "feline AIDS") and FIP (feline infectious peritonitis virus)—Vaccinations are not currently recommended by the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) or American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA).
- Core vaccinations
- DA2P combination (distemper, hepatitis, adenovirus type 2, parainfluenza)—Puppies receive the first vaccination between 6 to 8 weeks, and then three boosters, two to three weeks apart. Thereafter, a booster is given every three years.
- Bordetella (kennel cough)—The first vaccination (intranasally or by injection) is given at 2 to 8 weeks, with a booster every six to 12 months, depending on exposure.
- Rabies—The initial vaccine is given at 12 weeks, followed by an annual booster, and then every one to three years depending on the type of vaccine used.
- Non-core vaccinations
- Leptospirosis—This bacterial disease is spread in the urine of wildlife and outdoor dogs. It damages the liver and kidneys and is contagious to people. There is an initial vaccine at 12 weeks, with a booster two to four weeks later, and then annually.
- Lyme disease—This bacterial, tick-borne disease requires dogs with risk of tick exposure to receive this vaccination starting at 12 weeks, with a booster two to four weeks later, and then annually. People can also be infected with Lyme disease.
- Canine influenza—This virus can cause severe, fatal pneumonia. It is necessary in dogs that go to grooming salons, boarding kennels, dog shows, dog parks, and so on. Puppies should be vaccinated starting at 12 weeks, with a booster two to four weeks later, and then annually.
Spaying and Neutering
Puppies and kittens can be spayed or neutered any time after 4 months of age.
- Spaying or ovariohysterectomy—Removal of the ovaries and uterus, prevents unwanted heat cycles, pregnancy, uterine infections (or pyrometra), and, when done under 1 year of age, breast cancer.
- Neutering or orchiectomy—Removal of the testicles, helps prevent aggression, urine marking behavior, and cancer and disease of the testicles and prostate gland.
Declawing (onychectomy)—Removal of the front toenails and associated digits, is only performed when special conditions exist including:
- Indoor-only cat
- Risk of injury to people or other animals due to aggression
- Cohabitation with humans who have a compromised immune system (senior, dialysis patients, chemotherapy patients, etc.)
- Cat that damages expensive furniture
Declawing is best performed on kittens between 4 and 6 months of age to avoid behavioral complications.
At All Pets Animal Hospital, we look forward to welcoming your new puppy or kitten into our extended family. Please contact us with any questions you may have.